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Oĸe e eco, e Kypa ypa pe 662 oa? Toa ceee e ocaeo eoce o IX . a Hĸop Teoa. Πoce e coa cepa xpoĸa, e: „Πo peeo, ĸoao Koca (=Kocac II –e..) ee a aa (ca a pe 662 .-e..), Kpoa, aee a ap ĸopae, oa…“ eo pe 662 . Kocac II (p. Κώνστας Β’, ōnt , 7 oep 630-15 ceep 668), ĸoo e acĸ epaop pe epoa 641-668 oa, c a Koca yĸ a paĸ, pa a oa a aa c aoape opcpa aacĸoo o ĸpapee. Πpe 641 . paĸ (610-641) ypa. Cope eooo coo aeae, eeo y o p paĸ opaa y cpya Mapa, ĸaĸo eeo y o e, pa a oea aeo ypaeeo a aca acĸaa coa. Mapa oae e eoaa o apoa ceaa, oee e eea a paĸ. T e ep a cecpa y a ex paĸ ce e eao ĸao a ĸpoceee. pĸaa co e o e oopaa, aĸap a e e ocaa oĸpo poca. eo pĸa c py epo o o a Mapa e c, eocpeceo ce cpa a paĸ (641 .), oa Hĸycĸ aa eo epeco ceee xpoĸaa c o aaoo a VIII . Cope eo, ce ĸoaa a epaopa opaa y cpya, a a aa oe c, e paaa a oĸpeaa pecoo a Kypa. o ĸa oceaa Kocaoo oe 641 ., oee Hĸop e, e cea ypeĸa, aoo pea apapcĸo ococo, ce eo e apa. oa Hĸycĸ aa coa xpoĸa (. CXX; 46,47), e Mapa ĸocaoocĸ apapx Πp aca co o oeaaĸa a Maapye Kaaoĸ, .e. o cpaea a ea Aaoĸa. Cope eoca a oa Hĸycĸ peoce a coo , – „47. Kypa, aee a xye, eeĸ a Opa, ĸoo pe a xpccoo Kocaoo opaca epaopcĸ ope. 48. Mey eo paĸ ao pya p o, ce cpa a epaopa oĸaa ppaoca c ĸ coee y Mapa. …49. Cea o oĸpe epece a paĸ (c a Mapa – e..) ce poooca a e a Koca (aceĸ a paĸ o p y paĸ – e..)...” Mapa paa ĸaa c ao co, ĸoeo peaa a oeaaĸa a ea Aaoĸa a, a ce oe a e a cae epaop. Mca e a ceĸpea cĸaa a e oepea a oepeo e, ĸaĸoo a e e Kypa. T ce aaa a aa cayĸoo c a apa. He xo e e eo oo copa a Bacĸaa ep. Apaa, cpyaa a eo (474-475;476-491), co ce oa a Aacac (491-518), a a aa ooeeo c a apa. B aa a Mapa e ee apapx a Ba Πp. aaa ce oepa a Kypa. Πoce a c ococo coaa oyĸ o oa ce e cxpae eoca a Hĸop. Beaa ce cpa a epaopa cea, peĸ aeaeo a paĸ, oĸaa a pae Mapa a apa-oa paoa opyaa „aĸa a epaop”. „T ce aĸ a yaee ĸao aĸa a epaop, a e – ĸao epaop ocoap” (Hĸop, apapx Kocaoocĸ. Kpaĸa cop ce apyaeo a Mapĸ. C.,1997, c. 44). „T e oe ocoo – ĸaa ceaope – a o peoop c apap y eea, o aaa paa; e a oe o aĸoa ccoe a ce poecĸaa paa” (Hĸop, c. 44). eo oceoo coee a Hĸop e e oac o aa a apa p Mapa, eaa ce cpa a paĸ pe 641 . Bee o aoop, Kypa acaa a ea cpaa. Oe a Mapa eca a Kypa o o cy coaa, ĸeo a e epa o ceaa e pa o cpae a ea Aaoĸa. Toa e Teoop, aae pe 635 . o paĸ a cpae a a ea. A a a, ĸoo oeo ce caca a cae epaop, ce aaa a a ĸ Ape. Opeeeo o oe Kypa ce oĸaa o o-aaa aeca pee ea a Ba, oee a e aoe, a aaa y e oceea paaca o paoee. Mapa oocoo ca a ca pae a aoee. Bce aĸ Kypa a oa o pee poe a Ba, ĸa o a, ĸoo o-ĸco a Tepe, opeeĸ ĸo a e epaop Kocaoo. aoa o, ĸaĸo ae, oyaa epop – oaca aope. Kaĸa oa oyaa Kypa o Kocaoo, a a ce oĸae a oĸpe peee a Mapa eaa o paĸ a poa? ap e paa eypae c cecĸ ooe c Ba, apa oaa a paĸ, o e o, e epo ce 641 . o ce aeca ce ea a aca oaa Pcĸa ep. Eo c aoooea ey ĸaa Mapa pe 641 . e eacyeo peepea o ceoaee. To paĸpa, e Kypa, ĸoo peaa o 619 . o 624 . opa a paĸ, e cao oo ope oaa opaa ea a epaopa, c ĸoo ca oe a cxoa pac, o yee a o oa c Kocaoo. Opa Kypa, ĸaĸo e Hĸop, pea xpccoo oe pe 619 . Kocaoo oa e aĸ (eao ao coeoo opee o . H. yo ĸaa y a pĸe; B. pee pĸ. C.,2007, c.234, 235). ocea e ca opee oaee pe cecĸaa pycĸa ayĸa, e Opa Kypa e ca yp Beĸa ap cc cay a paa, a ca ca „oacĸo-pooo oeee” (Πeoa, Hoocee), p ycoe, e oe ĸ 555 . Πceo-axap Pop co ĸaeopo e, e ape a paoe Πpeĸaĸaeo… Bce oe peo ce apa caoaeo a „Capa Beĸa ap“ (Teoa, Hĸop) o Opa Kypa, ĸoeo e pe 629 . Toa caa e o ce aaeo a Πepc p paĸ o coo pee, ĸoao pĸe ca oca a oĸ, ĸeo a poe c yype. Πpe 635 . Kypa oa yceo cpey aape (Hĸop), ce ĸoeo „pa pae p paĸ cĸ c eo p, ĸoo e aaa caa o ĸpa a oa c, aoo o y pa oap o oe cc caa ap” (Hĸop, apapx Kocaoocĸ. Kpaĸa cop ce apyaeo a Mapĸ. C.,1997, c.41). Πoeaa a Kypa cpey aape, aĸo e e Πao, cc cypoc e oe Maĸa Cĸ (. opya, a ceep o yceo a ya), aoo aap a oĸ o Kapae a. Πpaa o a pa pae p paĸ ce a oea, e oea – cĸa p c paĸ e poace a „ap”. Kypa papa aea c pxy cap pcĸ e (Maĸa Cĸ). Kao cĸ a Bacĸaa ep, o e poa a eepa (o eea „oap” o acĸe ĸco-ae eoc, ce papa pecĸ aĸ) y e aea oeaa pcĸa a. Toec, eooecĸoo e a apcĸ aee ce pocpa o aĸae o Kaĸa. Eo ao ce 641 . o oyaa o Kocaoo pea a ace a aĸae ac o pĸapacĸe c oa ca. ea e paoca xpc Kypa a pec eee aa o-apa, ĸoo paa a oĸpeaa o coe a. op ce 641 . apcĸ aee poaa a e ac o pee ea a Ba. To ce cpaoa c o epaop Koca III (. II. 641 – . V. 641), a ce oa c Kocac II (641-668). Πoce e aa a Koca V ecyao Acapyx (c a Kypa) poaa ae c pee ĸ ee a o ya epoa, ĸoao Koca IV e epaop (o 668 . o cpa c pe 685 oa). aea e a Kypa e a aĸae, a a pap o coa Beĸa ap? paeeo a Bacĸaa ep ce oea o acee a paĸ o p y paĸ, a oocoo o a aa y Mapa e epao. Ka Kypa e e aĸ, a oea , o e oca ee c. a e y, a Mapa c ca aoe. Kypa e ce aeca oee xa oa oeo a pa a oa. Ko e ? Kaĸo y e oeao? Toa caa co o ac II a „Pcĸ ccĸ a apxecĸoe a Caoa Caao“. Ta ee a e apxecĸo oa, ĸoo p e ypaa o 650 . o 680 . peeceaa o Caoa Caao eapx e cpeeĸ a: „ae Map I, Ee I, Baa I, Aeoa II, oo I, Aao I o pee a epaope Koca III, Kocac II, Koca IV Πooa, a aĸa co o pee a ĸpaee a oa aa Cp Cep yp, a aaa aa Xpacĸo Kypa Πop“. Caoa e o ae pa aa a Apaecĸo ope, ĸeo e poe epaop oĸea (284-305). eo oĸea ocoa o o Caoa pe 303 . p. Caay, Caao, . C. To ĸpa a aaa aa Xpacĸo coc e a ĸa Kypa. B ac II a „Pcĸ ccĸ a apxecĸoe a Caoa Caao“ ae cee a Kypa epoa o 650 o ĸ 662 ., ĸoao o ypa. Toa e oo ao, oee ocee a pĸoee op a eoca y, ca o 641 . e e poyao ĸaĸo caa c eo o a oa o cpa y. Xpae ca ace a aĸae o Kapae. Πpoxo a aaeo (rvt, Kpoá) ao a Χουβρατις/Kypa. Bpoc a e ca ca acee aaa aa o Kypa a aoa oc eooo e, e ac o epoyeaa opa a ĸaa oceaa ac a oa y. htt



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